Industrial Applications of Diamond
Industrial Applications of Diamond
As explained in what diamonds are, diamonds are a crystalline form of Carbon (albeit sometimes with impurities), used as both a gem stone and in industrial applications. As a gem stone, appearance and size - the four C's (color, clarity, cut and carat) and of primary importance, but these factors are largely irrelevant to most industrial applications of diamonds.
As a result, less attractive diamonds (both mined natural diamonds and synthetic diamonds), tend to be used in industrial applications. The exact line between gem-quality diamonds, and those more suitable for industrial uses, does vary, and is partly dependent on conditions in the diamond market. However, overall, around 80% of mined diamonds (around 135,000,000 carats - 27,000 kg), as well as most synthetic diamonds (around 4,500,000,000 carats - 900,000 kg), are used in industrial uses.
Historically the most important industrial uses of diamond were based around the material's extreme hardness, which makes diamond ideal for cutting and grinding tools (diamond-tipped drill-bits, saws, scalpels, and the use of diamond powder as an abrasive). One exception to this general rule is that diamond-tipped tools are not widely used for machining ferrous alloys, since when machining is done at high speed, high temperatures are reached, and Carbon actually becomes soluble in Iron at such temperatures - making these use of diamond counter-productive.
As well as the above uses, diamond has some other specialized uses. For example, diamond can be used in high-performance bearings, and is also used in a machine known as the Diamond Anvil Cell (DAC) which is a specialized machine used in scientific experiments which require extreme pressures (100 to 200 gigapascals is typical, but pressures up to 770 gigapascals have been achieved using such cells).
Finally, assuming that the price of synthetic diamonds continues to fall, it is likely that diamond will have additional applications in future. As well as being extremely hard, diamond is also known for its thermal conductivity, so one possible future use is as a heat sink for integrated circuits.
Please share your comments on this page.
Guide 2 Diamonds
Diamond Clarity Enhancements
Diamond Color Grading
Diamond Scams & Tricks
What are Diamonds?
Note: Our company and this web site does NOT sell jewelry or gems. Any and all jewelry or gems that may appear on, or be linked from, this website, is an advertisement for a product sold by a third party. Please be sure to read product descriptions carefully, and do appropriate research and due diligence before purchasing jewelry or gems or other products. Sorry, we are NOT able to answer questions about jewelry or gems or third party products/websites.
Copyright © 2006-2022, Answers 2000 Limited
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S.à r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures
Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.
In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.
All trademarks are property of their respective owners.
All third party content and adverts are copyright of their respective owners.